How To Grow Lentils: A Guide To Lentil Gardening
November 29, 2023
Lentils are a type of edible legume commonly used in cooking. They are highly nutritious, providing fibre, protein, and essential vitamins and minerals, and can be cooked in many delicious and versatile ways, making them a popular choice for vegetarians, vegans, and anyone looking for a healthy, affordable, filling meal option.
Follow us to keep learning!
Cheatsheet: Lentil Gardening
Choose the Right Variety:
✅ Consider your climate and soil type to select a suitable lentil variety.
Prepare the Soil:
✅ Ensure well-draining soil, pH between 6-7, and rich in organic matter.
Sow Lentil Seeds:
✅ Plant seeds 1 inch deep, 4-6 inches apart, in rows spaced 12-18 inches apart.
Provide Adequate Sunlight:
✅ Lentils thrive in full sun, requiring at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily.
✅ Keep soil evenly moist during the growing season, aiming for 1 inch of water per week.
Harvest at the Right Time:
✅ Lentils are ready to harvest when pods turn yellowish-brown and seeds rattle inside.
✅ Lentils are a great source of protein, fiber, iron, and B vitamins - promoting heart health and digestion.
Store for Self-Sufficiency:
✅ Dried lentils can be stored in airtight containers for up to 1 year, ensuring a sustainable food source.
Growing Lentils: A Guide To Lentil Gardening
Choosing the Right Variety of Lentils
When it comes to growing lentils, choosing the right variety is essential. While there are many types of lentils available, some varieties are better suited for home gardening. French lentils and green lentils are among the most popular choices, as they adapt well to different climates and have a delicious taste.
Top Tip: Check with your local garden center or seed supplier for recommendations on the best lentil varieties for your region.
Preparing the Soil
Before planting lentils, it's important to prepare the soil properly to ensure optimal growth. Lentils prefer well-drained soil with a pH level between 6 and 7. Start by removing any weeds or debris from the planting area. Then, work compost or well-rotted manure into the soil to improve its fertility and texture.
Top Tip: Lentils thrive in full sun, so choose a location in your garden that receives at least 6-8 hours of sunlight per day.
Planting lentils is relatively straightforward. Sow the seeds directly into the prepared soil, spacing them about 2 inches apart and covering them with about 1 inch of soil. Water the area gently to ensure good seed-to-soil contact without causing erosion.
Top Tip: If you live in a colder region, wait until the soil temperature reaches at least 50°F (10°C) before sowing your lentil seeds.
Caring for Lentil Plants
Lentil plants require minimal care as they grow, but there are a few important factors to keep in mind. Water the plants regularly, especially during dry spells, but avoid overwatering as lentils do not tolerate waterlogged soil. Additionally, keep an eye out for weeds and remove them promptly to prevent competition for nutrients.
Top Tip: Lentil plants have shallow roots, so be careful when weeding or mulching around them to avoid damaging the delicate roots.
Harvesting lentils is a rewarding experience. The plants will begin to turn yellow and the pods will become dry and brittle when they are ready for harvest. Gently remove the pods from the plants and open them to collect the lentil seeds. Allow the seeds to dry completely before storing them in a cool, dry place for future use.
Top Tip: Lentils can be stored for up to a year if properly dried and kept in airtight containers.
The origin of lentils can be traced back to ancient times, with evidence of their cultivation found in archaeological sites dating back over 8,000 years!
Growing lentils is a rewarding endeavor for any gardener. With the right variety, proper soil preparation, and regular care, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of these nutritious legumes. So why not give lentil gardening a try and add a versatile and delicious crop to your garden?
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Can I grow lentils in my garden?
Yes, lentils can be grown in most gardens as long as there is enough sunlight and well-draining soil.
2. When is the best time to plant lentils?
The ideal time to plant lentils is in early spring when the soil temperature reaches around 60°F (15°C).
3. How do I prepare the soil for growing lentils?
Loosen the soil and remove any weeds or debris. Mix in compost or well-rotted manure to improve fertility.
4. Do I need to provide support for my lentil plants?
No, lentil plants typically do not require support as they have a short stature and can support themselves.
5. How often should I water lentil plants?
Water lentil plants deeply once a week, ensuring that the soil remains consistently moist but not waterlogged.
6. Can lentils tolerate frost?
Yes, lentil plants are frost-tolerant and can withstand mild frost. However, it's best to avoid severe frost.
7. How long does it take for lentils to mature?
Lentils usually take about 80-110 days to reach maturity, depending on the variety.
8. How do I harvest lentils?
Wait until the lentil pods turn brown and dry before harvesting. Remove the pods and thresh them to collect the seeds.
9. Should I save lentil seeds for next year's planting?
Yes, you can save lentil seeds for next year's planting. Store them in a cool, dry place in an airtight container.
10. Are lentils susceptible to any pests or diseases?
Lentils may be affected by aphids, powdery mildew, and fungal diseases. Monitor your plants closely and take appropriate action if needed.
Lentils are a great addition to any diet because they are high in protein and a range of essential vitamins and minerals. They are also a good source of dietary fiber and complex carbohydrates that help to keep you full for longer, regulate your blood sugar, and aid digestion. Furthermore, lentils are low in fat and calories, making them an ideal ingredient to incorporate into a variety of dishes.