How To Grow Mustard Greens

Written by: Lars Nyman

Growing Mustard Greens

Growing Mustard Greens

Ready to add some green to your garden? Look no further than mustard greens! These versatile leafy veggies have been a staple in kitchens for centuries, known for their unique peppery flavor and numerous health benefits. In this article, we'll guide you through everything you need to know about growing mustard greens, from selecting the perfect spot in your garden to harvesting your bountiful crop. So, whether you're a seasoned gardener or a newbie with a green thumb, get ready to discover the secrets to cultivating these tasty greens. Don't miss out on the essential tips and tricks that will guarantee a successful mustard greens harvest!


Quick Facts:

🌱 Mustard greens are fast-growing leafy vegetables.

🌡️ They thrive in cool temperatures between 45-75°F (7-24°C).

💧 Mustard greens require consistent watering to prevent wilting.

🌿 Start growing from seeds or seedlings, 3-4 weeks before the last frost date.


🌱 Sow seeds ½ inch deep, 1 inch apart in well-draining soil.

🔅 Choose a sunny or partially shaded spot for planting.

💧 Water the soil regularly to keep it consistently moist.

🌱 Thin out seedlings to 6-8 inches apart when they reach 2-3 inches tall.


🌿 Apply organic mulch around plants to retain moisture and deter weeds.

💦 Water regularly, aiming for 1-1.5 inches of water per week.

🍃 Clip outer leaves as the greens grow, allowing the inner foliage to develop further.

🌳 Apply balanced fertilizer every 4-6 weeks to promote healthy growth.


🌱 Harvest outer leaves when they reach 3-6 inches tall.

🍂 Cut or gently pull leaves from the base to encourage continued growth.

⏳ Harvest before flowering for the best taste and tenderness.

📆 Mustard greens are usually ready for harvest in 40-50 days.


💪 High in vitamins A, C, and K, as well as calcium and fiber.

🔬 Studies suggest mustard greens may have anticancer properties.

🌱 Growing your own greens promotes self-sufficiency and saves money.

Growing Mustard Greens

Varieties of Mustard Greens

Mustard greens are not to be overlooked in the garden. There are numerous varieties to choose from, each with its own unique flavor and characteristics. Some popular varieties include:

Homemade Pickles Mustard Greens - this variety boasts a tangy flavor that adds a zing to your salads and sandwiches.
Red Giant Mustard Greens - known for its vibrant burgundy color and mildly spicy taste, this variety is a great addition to any garden.
Mizuna Mustard Greens - with its delicate, feathery leaves and peppery flavor, mizuna is a favorite among gourmet chefs.

Planting Mustard Greens

When it comes to planting mustard greens, timing is everything. These cool-season crops thrive in temperatures between 45°F and 75°F, making spring and fall the ideal planting seasons.

Did you know that mustard greens can also be grown as a microgreen, allowing you to enjoy their fresh flavor in just a few weeks? Talk about instant gratification!

To start your mustard greens from seed, soak them in warm water for a few hours before planting. This helps to speed up germination. For a continuous harvest, sow a new row of seeds every two weeks.

Soil and Sunlight Requirements

Mustard greens prefer fertile, well-drained soil enriched with organic matter. Ensure your soil pH is between 6.0 and 7.5 to promote optimal growth. These greens thrive in full sun, but they can tolerate partial shade.

Remember, sunlight is like fuel for your plants. Without it, they won't thrive as they should.

Caring for Mustard Greens

Once your mustard greens have emerged, thin them to allow proper spacing for growth. A spacing of 6-12 inches between plants will give them enough room to reach their full potential. Regular watering is essential to prevent the soil from drying out, especially during hot summer days.

  1. Keep an eye out for pests like aphids and flea beetles. If you spot any, don't fret! A quick blast of water or applying neem oil can help keep them at bay.
  2. As the plants grow, mulch around their base to suppress weeds and retain moisture.
  3. Remember to provide them with a nitrogen-rich fertilizer every four weeks to keep them happy and healthy.

Harvesting and Enjoying Mustard Greens

Harvesting mustard greens is a satisfying experience. Once the leaves reach about 6-8 inches in length, use a pair of scissors to cut them just above the soil level. This method allows the plant to regrow and produce more delicious leaves for your enjoyment.

Did you know that mustard greens are not only tasty but also packed with nutrients? They are an excellent source of Vitamins A, C, and K, as well as calcium and fiber.

Mustard greens can be used in a variety of dishes, from simple sautés to flavorful stir-fries. They add a peppery kick to salads and can even be pickled for a tangy twist. Get creative and experiment with different recipes to fully appreciate their versatile nature.

Now that you have all the information you need, it's time to get your hands dirty and start growing mustard greens. Don't forget to savor the satisfaction of harvesting your own homegrown greens and the joy of sharing them with family and friends. Happy gardening!


1. When should I plant mustard greens?

Start growing mustard greens in early spring or fall for optimal results.

2. How do I prepare the soil for planting?

Ensure the soil is well-draining and rich in organic matter, like compost.

3. Can I grow mustard greens in containers?

Absolutely! Choose a container that is at least 6 inches deep and provide ample sunlight.

4. How much sunlight do mustard greens need?

Mustard greens thrive in full sunlight, but can tolerate partial shade.

5. How often should I water mustard greens?

Keep the soil consistently moist, watering them regularly to prevent it from drying out completely.

6. Do mustard greens require fertilization?

Yes, mustard greens benefit from a balanced fertilizer application every 4-6 weeks.

7. Are mustard greens prone to pests?

They can attract aphids, flea beetles, and cabbage worms. Keep an eye out and use organic pest control methods if necessary.

8. When can I harvest mustard greens?

Harvest the outer leaves once they reach 4-6 inches in length, allowing the inner leaves to continue growing.

9. Can I save mustard green seeds for future planting?

Absolutely! Let a few plants bolt, flower, and produce seeds. Collect and store the seeds in a cool, dry place.

10. How long do mustard greens take to grow?

Mustard greens can generally be harvested within 30-45 days from planting.

Mustard Greens are a nutritious and delicious superfood that can be eaten in a wide variety of dishes. They are high in Vitamins A, B, and C, and minerals like Calcium and Iron. They are a great source of antioxidants, fiber, and are low in carbs and fats. They are rich in both water and fiber, making them a great way to stay hydrated and full for longer periods of time. Growing Mustard Greens is easy and requires minimal maintenance - perfect for gardeners of all levels!

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