How To Grow Cabbage

Written by: Lars Nyman

Growing Cabbage

Growing Cabbage

Cabbage is a cruciferous vegetable that is rich in vitamins and minerals, high in fiber, and low in calories. It is a versatile vegetable that can be eaten raw or cooked in a variety of ways, and is a popular choice for adding to salads, soups, and stir-fries. Cabbage is a particularly important crop in many countries around the world, and can be grown easily and harvested throughout the year.

Cabbage Growing Cheatsheet

1. Ideal Growing Conditions:

Sunny area with rich, well-draining soil, pH 6.0-6.8.

2. Planting:

Sow seeds 6-8 weeks before last frost date, or use transplants.

3. Spacing:

Leave 18-24 inches between each cabbage plant.

4. Watering:

Consistent watering to keep soil evenly moist, especially during head formation.

5. Fertilizing:

Apply balanced fertilizer once the cabbage plants have developed true leaves.

6. Pests and Diseases:

Protect against cabbage worms, aphids, and clubroot disease.

7. Harvesting:

Pick cabbage heads when they reach desired size and firmness.

8. Storing:

Store harvested cabbage in a cool, moist environment to prolong freshness.

Get Ready to Enjoy:

Cabbage is low in calories and packed with beneficial nutrients like vitamin C and K. Boost your health with this versatile, self-sufficient crop!

Choosing the right cabbage variety

When it comes to growing cabbage, choosing the right variety can make all the difference. Whether you prefer small and compact cabbages or the larger, leafy ones, there are many options to suit your taste. Personally, I find the Savoy cabbage to be a fantastic choice for its tender leaves and unique flavor. It's worth noting that cabbages prefer cooler temperatures, so if you live in a region with a warmer climate, consider opting for varieties that are more heat-tolerant like the Napa cabbage.

Preparing the soil

Before planting your cabbage, it's crucial to prepare the soil properly to ensure healthy growth and optimal yield. Cabbage thrives in well-draining soil enriched with organic matter. I've found that adding compost or well-rotted manure to the soil not only improves its fertility but also helps retain moisture, which cabbages love. Additionally, it's beneficial to perform a soil test to determine if any amendments are needed, ensuring your cabbage plants have the ideal soil pH between 6.5 and 7.0.

Did you know that cabbages are heavy feeders? They require a steady supply of nutrients throughout their growth period, so it's crucial to provide them with a nutrient-rich soil!

Sowing and transplanting

Now it's time to sow your cabbage seeds or set out young transplants, depending on your preference. If you're starting from seeds, sow them indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost date, allowing them ample time to germinate and develop strong seedlings. When the weather and soil are suitable, carefully transplant the seedlings into your prepared garden beds, ensuring they are properly spaced to allow for maximum growth and airflow. Water them gently after transplanting to help them settle in.

Tip: To prevent cabbage diseases and pests, consider using row covers until the plants are established. This will protect them from unwanted visitors and create a favorable microclimate for growth.

Cultivating and caring for cabbage

Keeping your cabbage plants happy and healthy requires some regular maintenance. Throughout the growing season, ensure they receive consistent moisture without becoming waterlogged. Mulching around the plants helps retain moisture, suppress weeds, and maintain a stable soil temperature. As the plants grow, it's vital to keep an eye out for common pests like cabbage worms and aphids. Handpicking or applying organic insecticides can effectively control these intruders without harming the environment.

Fun fact: Cabbages are a magnet for cabbage butterflies, but don't fret! Simply inspect the undersides of leaves and remove any eggs or larvae you find to prevent future infestations.

Harvesting your cabbage

Finally, the moment you've been patiently waiting for arrives—the time to savor the fruits of your labor. Harvesting cabbage at the right moment ensures the best flavor and texture. One sign that your cabbage is ready to be plucked from the ground is when the heads feel firm when gently squeezed. Using a sharp knife, cut the cabbage heads just above the soil level. Remember to leave a few of the outer leaves intact to protect the inner head during storage.

Did you know that harvesting cabbage in cool weather, such as early morning or late evening, can help retain its crispness and enhance its overall quality?

In conclusion

Growing cabbage can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience for any gardener. By choosing the right cabbage variety, preparing the soil properly, providing adequate care and attention, and harvesting at the right moment, you'll be rewarded with delicious and nutritious cabbage heads that will elevate your meals. So, roll up your sleeves, grab your gardening tools, and embark on this cabbage-growing adventure. Happy gardening!


1. How should I start growing cabbage?

Start cabbage from seeds or young plants obtained from a nursery.

2. What type of soil is best for growing cabbage?

Choose a well-draining soil with organic matter.

3. When is the best time to plant cabbage?

Plant cabbage in early spring or late summer for a fall harvest.

4. How much sun does cabbage need?

Cabbage thrives in full sun, requiring at least 6 hours of sunlight per day.

5. How often should cabbage be watered?

Water cabbage regularly, providing about 1 inch of water per week.

6. How far apart should I space cabbage plants?

Space cabbage plants about 12-18 inches apart.

7. Are there any pests or diseases I need to watch out for?

Watch out for cabbage worms, aphids, and clubroot disease.

8. How long does it take for cabbage to mature?

Cabbage typically takes 70-90 days to mature.

9. Can I grow cabbage in containers?

Yes, cabbage can be grown in containers with a depth of at least 12 inches.

10. How can I harvest and store cabbage?

Harvest cabbage when heads are firm and store in a cool, moist place for up to several weeks.

Cabbage is an easy to grow, nutritious vegetable that's both delicious and versatile. Not only is it a good source of vitamins and minerals but also contains a healthy dose of antioxidants. It can also be grown year-round, in a variety of climates and soil types, making it an ideal crop for home gardeners. Its versatility also makes it ideal for home cooks, as it can be cooked or eaten raw in a variety of dishes. As an added bonus, the simple act of growing and eating cabbage can have a positive impact on both the environment and your health.

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