How To Grow Arugula
November 22, 2023
Arugula is a leafy, cruciferous vegetable, commonly referred to as both rocket or roquette. Originating from the Mediterranean region, Arugula can now be found around the world. It has a slightly spicy flavor and can be eaten raw or cooked. Arugula is a nutritional powerhouse, high in vitamins A, C, K, magnesium, calcium and iron. It makes for a flavorful addition to salads, pastas and sandwiches.
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Cheatsheet: Growing Arugula
🌱 Sow seeds ½ inch deep
🏎 Soil temp: 45-65°F
😽 Space plants 6-12 inches apart
😏 Full sun or partial shade
💧 Keep soil moist
😊 1 inch water per week
🍀 Nitrogen-rich fertilizer
💻 Every 2-4 weeks
🍋 Ready in 4-7 weeks
🍇 Harvest leaves as needed
🌿 Cut above ground level
🐜 Watch for flea beetles
📷 Use floating row covers
6. Health Benefits:
🍅 Low in calories, high in vitamins
🍅 Reduces risk of heart disease
🍎 Great for bone health
7. Fun Fact:
🌿 Arugula grows faster than lettuce!
Arugula is a delicious and unique tasting salad green belonging to the mustard family of vegetable plants. It yields a sharp, peppery flavor that is popular in salads and sandwiches. As a bonus, arugula is also high in vitamins A and C and can be relatively easy to grow.
Choosing A Arugula Variety
When choosing arugula, you have a few options. Most garden catalogs chose from several types of arugula including regular arugula with lobed leaves and a sharp, peppery flavor, rocket arugula for a somewhat milder flavor, or wild arugula, which has a strong and spicy flavor. Other varieties are available, such as wild Italian arugula, that can offer their own unique flavor.
Planting In The Ground Or Containers
Arugula can easily be grown in containers if desired. Just fill the container with a soil and compost mix and plant the seeds. since arugula is a cold-weather tolerant variety, it can be planted earlier in the spring, even in temperatures as low as 30° f. to get the most out of container-grown arugula, use a soil-less mix and use the container frequently to resow the seeds.
those with a garden however, will find it easier to plant arugula directly in the ground. the plants can be grown in short rows for easier harvesting or planted in blocks or pots for a fuller harvest. be sure to choose a sunny or partially shaded spot in the garden for optimal growth. arugula can also be grown indoors or outside in raised beds.
Caring For The Arugula Plants
arugula requires little maintenance and should rarely need supplemental watering during hot and dry spells. however, during the summer months, providing the plants with some shade can help prevent bolting, which is when the plants begin to produce flower buds and their flavor changes into a more bitter taste.
when the plants reach up to 3-4 inches in height, weed out any unwanted plants that may have sprouted. keep in mind that some soil-less mixes may contain stray weed seeds, so extra care should be given to identify and remove any unwanted plants.
arugula can be harvested regularly when the leaves are small and tender, this also encourages more leaf growth and can provide a continuous harvest. when harvesting, cut a few leaves at a time, leaving the center rosette of leaves untouched. arugula leaves can be consumed raw or cooked, but be sure to rinse them thoroughly before consuming.
1. When should I plant arugula?
Plant arugula in early spring or fall for best results.
2. What type of soil does arugula prefer?
Arugula thrives in well-draining soil rich in organic matter.
3. How often should I water arugula?
Water arugula regularly to keep the soil consistently moist.
4. Does arugula need full sun or partial shade?
Arugula prefers partial shade but can tolerate full sun in cooler climates.
5. How long does it take for arugula to grow?
Arugula typically grows within 2-3 weeks after planting.
6. Can I grow arugula indoors?
Yes, arugula can be grown indoors in containers near a sunny window.
7. How do I harvest arugula?
Harvest arugula by cutting the outer leaves once they reach a length of 4-6 inches.
8. Can I grow arugula in a small space?
Arugula is well-suited for container gardening and can thrive in small spaces.
9. Are there any pests or diseases that affect arugula?
Arugula may be susceptible to flea beetles and aphids, but proper care can minimize these issues.
10. Can I replant arugula after harvesting?
Yes, arugula can be replanted after harvesting for a continuous supply.
Arugula is an excellent choice for both novice and experienced gardeners looking to add healthy and flavorful greens to their diet. Not only is it packed with essential vitamins and minerals such as calcium, iron, and magnesium, but it can also be harvested a mere 30 days after planting. Additionally, its spicy and peppery flavor is a great addition to salads and other dishes. Finally, Arugula is a hardy and versatile crop, thriving in both spring and fall temperatures and exhibiting a wide range of pest and disease resistances.