Growing Peanuts: An Easy, Step-By-Step Guide for First-Time Gardeners

Written by: Lars Nyman

Growing Peanut

Growing Peanut

Growing peanuts is a fun and rewarding experience. Peanuts grow in pods that contain two to three kernels. With just a little bit of care, they can be harvested in a few months. The raw peanuts have a delicious crunchy, nutty taste, and they can be boiled, roasted, or ground into a creamy butter. They are a great source of protein, healthy fats, and fiber, and are used as a key ingredient in many dishes, such as peanut butter and jelly sandwiches, peanut salads, and Thai peanut sauces. Growing peanuts can be a great way to get healthy, delicious ingredients for your kitchen.

Peanut Growing Cheatsheet

Choose the right variety

Opt for high-yielding, disease-resistant peanut varieties for better results. Look for Valencia, Virginia, or Spanish peanuts. 🌱

Provide well-drained soil

Peanuts thrive in sandy loam soil with a pH of 5.8-6.2. Ensure good drainage to avoid rot. 💧


  • Sow peanuts 1.5-2 inches deep with 6-8 inches spacing. Keep 12-24 inches between rows. 🌱
  • Plant after the last spring frost when soil temperature reaches 65°F—peanuts love warmth! ☀️


Provide 1 inch of water per week. Peanut plants require consistent moisture, especially during flowering and peg formation. 💦


Apply balanced fertilizer before planting and during flowering. A 10-10-10 NPK ratio works well. 💪

Pest control

Monitor for pests like aphids, armyworms, and nematodes. Use organic methods or insecticidal soap to prevent damage. 🐜


  • Harvest peanuts when the leaves start to yellow or die back. Dig up plants carefully. 🥜
  • Hang the plants to cure for 2-3 weeks in a warm, dry place to improve flavor and storage. 🌞

Enjoy the rewards!

Homemade peanut butter, roasted snacks, or freshly harvested peanuts—savor the deliciousness and share with friends! 😋

So, you want to try your hand at growing peanuts? Well, you're in for a treat! Peanuts are not only delicious and nutritious, but they're also surprisingly easy to grow. Whether you're a seasoned gardener or a first-timer, this step-by-step guide will help you successfully grow your own peanuts and reap the rewards.

1. Choose the Right Variety

Before you get started, make sure you choose a peanut variety that is suitable for your growing region. Some varieties prefer warmer climates, while others thrive in cooler conditions. Do a little research or ask for advice at your local nursery to find the best variety for your garden.

2. Prepare the Soil

Once you've chosen your peanut variety, it's time to prepare the soil. Peanuts prefer well-draining, loose soil, so make sure to amend heavy clay or compacted soil with organic matter. Remove any rocks or debris, and ensure the soil is rich in nutrients. Consider conducting a soil test to determine the pH level and make any necessary adjustments.

3. Planting Time

When it comes to planting peanuts, timing is crucial. Wait until the soil temperature reaches around 65°F (18°C) before planting. This usually happens in late spring or early summer, depending on your location. Peanut seeds are actually seeds inside pods, so you'll want to plant the entire peanut pod about 1-2 inches deep in the soil.

4. Watering and Nurturing

Once your peanuts are planted, it's important to keep the soil consistently moist. Peanuts require around 1 inch of water per week. Be careful not to overwater, as this can cause the peanuts to rot. Mulching around the plants will help conserve moisture and suppress weed growth.

5. Growing and Harvesting

As your peanut plants grow, they will produce pretty yellow flowers. These flowers will eventually wither and the plant will begin to produce pegs that will push down into the soil. This is where the peanuts will form. It's important not to disturb the plants while they're growing, as the peanuts develop underground. Harvest when the leaves start to turn yellow and the peanuts are mature, usually around 120-160 days after planting.

Did you know that peanuts belong to the legume family and are not technically nuts? They're actually seeds that form in pods underground. Mind-blowing, right?

6. Curing and Storing

Once harvested, the peanuts need to be cured to ensure they're properly dried. Lay the plants in a dry, well-ventilated area for around two weeks. When the shells are dry and brittle, it's time to remove the peanuts from the plants. Store your peanuts in mesh bags or containers in a cool, dry place for maximum freshness.

7. Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labor

Now comes the best part – enjoying your homegrown peanuts! Roast them, boil them, make them into peanut butter, or use them in your favorite recipes. There's no limit to the delicious ways you can enjoy your harvest. So sit back, relax, and savor the satisfaction of growing your own peanuts.

So, my fellow gardeners, are you ready to embark on your peanut-growing adventure? I hope this step-by-step guide has provided the knowledge and confidence you need to give it a try. Experiment, learn, and don't be afraid to get your hands dirty. Happy gardening!

Frequently Asked Questions

1. When is the best time to plant peanuts?

The best time to plant peanuts is in late spring or early summer.

2. Do peanuts need a lot of sunlight?

Yes, peanuts require full sun for at least six hours a day.

3. How often should I water growing peanuts?

Water peanuts regularly, keeping the soil moist but not waterlogged.

4. How long does it take for peanuts to grow?

It typically takes 90 to 120 days for peanuts to reach maturity.

5. Can peanuts be grown in containers?

Yes, peanuts can be successfully grown in large containers with well-draining soil.

6. Do peanuts require fertilization?

Yes, fertilize peanuts at planting time and again two months later with a balanced fertilizer.

7. How do I know when to harvest peanuts?

Harvest peanuts when the leaves turn yellow and the shells are hard.

8. Should I store peanuts in the shell or shelled?

Store peanuts in-shell to preserve their freshness for a longer duration.

9. Can I save peanuts from this year's harvest to plant next year?

Yes, peanuts saved from the current harvest can be used for planting next year, provided they are healthy and disease-free.

10. How can I prevent pests and diseases in my peanut plants?

Practice crop rotation and keep the garden clean to prevent peanut pests and diseases.

Peanuts are an excellent choice for any gardener's garden. Not only is the plant hardy, drought-tolerant, and easy to grow, but it is also a great source of protein, fiber, and healthy fats. Plus, the plants will bloom with beautiful yellow flowers and -- best of all -- the colorful and tasty peanuts they produce can be enjoyed in many different recipes. growing peanuts is a great way to get healthy, nutritious snacks or ingredients, while also having a fun and rewarding gardening experience.

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