Growing Peanuts: An Easy, Step-By-Step Guide for First-Time Gardeners

Written by: Lars Nyman

Growing Peanut

Growing Peanut

Growing peanuts is a fun and rewarding experience. Peanuts grow in pods that contain two to three kernels. With just a little bit of care, they can be harvested in a few months. The raw peanuts have a delicious crunchy, nutty taste, and they can be boiled, roasted, or ground into a creamy butter. They are a great source of protein, healthy fats, and fiber, and are used as a key ingredient in many dishes, such as peanut butter and jelly sandwiches, peanut salads, and Thai peanut sauces. Growing peanuts can be a great way to get healthy, delicious ingredients for your kitchen.

Peanut Growing Cheatsheet

Choose the right variety

Opt for high-yielding, disease-resistant peanut varieties for better results. Look for Valencia, Virginia, or Spanish peanuts. 🌱

Provide well-drained soil

Peanuts thrive in sandy loam soil with a pH of 5.8-6.2. Ensure good drainage to avoid rot. 💧


  • Sow peanuts 1.5-2 inches deep with 6-8 inches spacing. Keep 12-24 inches between rows. 🌱
  • Plant after the last spring frost when soil temperature reaches 65°F—peanuts love warmth! ☀️


Provide 1 inch of water per week. Peanut plants require consistent moisture, especially during flowering and peg formation. 💦


Apply balanced fertilizer before planting and during flowering. A 10-10-10 NPK ratio works well. 💪

Pest control

Monitor for pests like aphids, armyworms, and nematodes. Use organic methods or insecticidal soap to prevent damage. 🐜


  • Harvest peanuts when the leaves start to yellow or die back. Dig up plants carefully. 🥜
  • Hang the plants to cure for 2-3 weeks in a warm, dry place to improve flavor and storage. 🌞

Enjoy the rewards!

Homemade peanut butter, roasted snacks, or freshly harvested peanuts—savor the deliciousness and share with friends! 😋

Growing Peanuts: An Easy, Step-By-Step Guide for First-Time Gardeners

Choosing the Right Peanut Variety

First thing's first - do you want *Valencia*, *Virginia*, or *Spanish* peanuts? Each has its own charm.

Typically, *Valencia* peanuts are the easiest for beginners, thanks to their quick maturity period.

Did you know? Valencia peanuts mature in around 90 days, making them ideal for shorter growing seasons.

Planting Your Peanuts

Preparing the Soil

Your peanuts will grow best in sandy, well-drained soil with a pH of 5.8 to 6.2. If your soil isn't sandy, don't fret. You can amend it with sand or organic matter.

Loosen the soil to a depth of about 12 inches to facilitate root growth.

Tip: A *soil test* can deliver insights into necessary amendments, ensuring your peanuts thrive.

Sowing the Seeds

Plant your peanut seeds once the danger of frost has passed and the soil temperature is a consistent 70°F. Space the seeds about 2 inches apart in rows 24 inches apart.

Cover the seeds with 1 to 1.5 inches of soil, giving them just enough cover to protect but not hinder sprouting.

Taking Care of Your Peanut Plants


Peanuts need about 1 inch of water per week during the growing season. I rely on the old trusty rain gauge for this.

Consistent watering is critical during flowering and pod formation stages to maximize yield.


You might be surprised to learn that peanuts are legumes and can fix their own nitrogen. However, a light application of compost can boost their early growth.

Peanuts need less nitrogen than other plants, so be careful not to over-fertilize.

Harvesting Your Peanuts

Signs of Maturity

Peanuts are usually ready for harvest 120-150 days after planting. Look for yellowing leaves and flaky, mature shells to confirm they're ready.

Also, digging up a couple to check for filled-out shells can be insightful.

I like to use a garden fork to lift the entire plant, shaking off the soil to reveal the peanuts hanging below.

Drying the Peanuts

Once harvested, hang the plants in a warm, dry area to cure for a week or two. This process allows the peanuts to develop flavor.

Make sure the peanuts are entirely dry before you store them to avoid mold.

Personal Tips and Tricks

Pest Management

Thankfully, pests are rarely a huge problem with peanuts. However, the occasional wireworm or aphid can appear.

A little neem oil spray can go a long way in keeping these at bay.

Weed Control

Weeds can become a substantial issue, especially early in the growing season. Regular, shallow cultivation is the answer here.

For me, mulching around the plants has worked wonders in suppressing unwanted weeds.

With these tips, you'll find that growing peanuts isn't merely achievable—it’s downright enjoyable. Happy planting!

Frequently Asked Questions

1. When is the best time to plant peanuts?

The best time to plant peanuts is in late spring or early summer.

2. Do peanuts need a lot of sunlight?

Yes, peanuts require full sun for at least six hours a day.

3. How often should I water growing peanuts?

Water peanuts regularly, keeping the soil moist but not waterlogged.

4. How long does it take for peanuts to grow?

It typically takes 90 to 120 days for peanuts to reach maturity.

5. Can peanuts be grown in containers?

Yes, peanuts can be successfully grown in large containers with well-draining soil.

6. Do peanuts require fertilization?

Yes, fertilize peanuts at planting time and again two months later with a balanced fertilizer.

7. How do I know when to harvest peanuts?

Harvest peanuts when the leaves turn yellow and the shells are hard.

8. Should I store peanuts in the shell or shelled?

Store peanuts in-shell to preserve their freshness for a longer duration.

9. Can I save peanuts from this year's harvest to plant next year?

Yes, peanuts saved from the current harvest can be used for planting next year, provided they are healthy and disease-free.

10. How can I prevent pests and diseases in my peanut plants?

Practice crop rotation and keep the garden clean to prevent peanut pests and diseases.

Peanuts are an excellent choice for any gardener's garden. Not only is the plant hardy, drought-tolerant, and easy to grow, but it is also a great source of protein, fiber, and healthy fats. Plus, the plants will bloom with beautiful yellow flowers and -- best of all -- the colorful and tasty peanuts they produce can be enjoyed in many different recipes. growing peanuts is a great way to get healthy, nutritious snacks or ingredients, while also having a fun and rewarding gardening experience.

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